Slovakia’s new gambling act came into force on March 1, 2019. The new act opened up the market to foreign operators and ended the monopoly on online gambling games, previously held by state-owned lottery firm TIPOS.
However, in recent years several local authorities, including in Bratislava, the country’s capital, have banned the establishment of new gambling venues.
Local authorities were given the ability to ban gambling in their territories without being petitioned by citizens after amendments to the Slovak Gambling Act came into force in November 2020.
Additional amendments included prohibiting gambling halls from being built within 500 metres from education and social services facilities, if a municipality provides by a generally binding regulation.
The Office for the Regulation of Gambling was also formed as a new dedicated gambling regulator.
In response to the spread of COVID-19, the Ministry of Public Health shut down gambling venues for a sustained period of time during 2020 and 2021, along with other entertainment establishments.
The main casino operators in Slovakia are Banco Casino, Casinos Slovakia, CBG (Admiral Casino) and Olympic Casino Slovakia.
Table games, including poker, can exclusively be operated in casinos; except for card games, which can also be operated outside casinos.
All types of gaming machines can only be operated in licensed gaming halls or casinos. However, gambling on gaming machines not located in casinos faces strict limits, such as a maximum wager of €0.10 and player’s winnings are capped at €5.
In recent years the regulator has taken enforcement action against illegal quiz machines operated outside of such gambling venues.
Slovakian gambling operators are required by law to take all necessary measures to prevent anyone under the age of 18 from taking part in gambling and, as such, can request proof of identification.
The latest amendment of the Slovakian Gaming Law (386/2016 Z.z., § 35a Register vylúčených osôb) includes the regulation of an Excluded persons register for people that are:
Gaming machines outside of Casino operations have maximum bet set at 10 EUR. Machines within Casinos have no limit for the maximum bet.
Amendments to the country’s gambling act that took force in 2013 allow municipalities to ban gambling activities taking place in their territory, provided a petition is signed by at least 30 percent of the municipality’s population over the age of 18.
Gambling establishments must display signs that players must be over the age of 18 in order to participate in gambling.
A new gambling act, which is intended to come into force in the first quarter of 2017, is set to address issues of wagers, self-exclusion systems, market protection measures and the legal gambling age, but the final provisions of the act are not yet defined.
In July 2016 the Ministry of Finance said it intends to introduce amendments that will ensure “stricter oversight, tougher requirements for the operation of games of chance and a higher level of consumer protection”.
Slovakia has a number of independent organisations that aim to help people with problem gambling issues.
The Slovak Association of Abstinence is an independent, non-governmental organisation which caters for people with a gambling problem, as well as various other addictions.
One of its partners is the Slovakian state lottery, Tipos.
CPLDZ Bratislava (Center for addiction treatment) - Centrum pre liečbu drogových závislostí
Legal Gambling Age: 18 Years Old
Smoking Ban: NO
Terrestrial: Multiple licences (4).
Online: Monopoly, state-owned. But due to a loophole in the legislation, land-based sports-betting operators are able to offer their games on the internet without it being considered online gambling.
Terrestrial:Roulette, card games, dice games, slot machines.
Online:Roulette, blackjack, poker, 3 and 5 reel slots, multi games
Terrestrial:Ministry of Finance
Online:Ministry of Finance
Size of Illegal Gambling Market:Estimated size is €28m annually. This includes online and land-based gambling.
Source: Media Monitoring
Market Protection Measures / Tools to Tackle Illegal Gambling:Slovakia currently does not have any website or payment blocking measures in place.
Currency : Euro
(Source:The World Bank)
GNI (2014, Local Currency, Millions): 71,695
Internet Penetration (Internet Users): 80.0%
(Source: The World Bank)
Mobile Penetration (Mobile Cellular Subscriptions): 117%
(Source: The World Bank)
Doing Business Ranking (June 2015):29
(Source: World Bank Group)
Last Updated: May 2019