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Poland’s gambling market consists of casinos, gaming machines and low-stake gaming machines, as well as lottery, bingo, poker, betting and online betting.

In a boost to the casino industry, slot machines located outside of casinos were banned by the Polish government in 2010 and, in 2015, a Constitutional Tribunal upheld the ban.

A Supreme Court case in late 2020 again backed this ban, forcing a number of restaurant-owners and other hospitality businesses to remove gaming machines they had continued to operate on their premises.

However laws that came into effect in April 2017 created a state gaming hall monopoly under Totalizator Sportowy that did allow for operating slot machines outside of casinos and the state-owned firm has since launched a nationwide chain.

Recently regulatory changes affecting the casino sector include amendments to tender rules, designed to force applicants to be more accurate in their predictions of future revenue.

Amendments to anti-money laundering rules were also proposed by the government early 2021. The draft expands the list of entities/persons needing an "impeccable opinion" to offer gambling by including "real beneficiaries" of gambling operators.

Sports betting is permitted in Poland and as well as online-gambling regulated by the Ministry of Finance, which began blacklisting unlicensed online casinos in June 2017 and has continued to update its list frequently.

The only online casino operator permitted is state-owned company Totalizator Sportowy, which began offering games via the internet in December 2018.

ECA MEMBERS

ECA MEMBERS :   Casinos Poland

NUMBER OF CASINOS

2017 49
2016 46
2015 49
2014 50
2013 49

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES

2017 2000
2016 2000
2015 2000
2014 2000
2013 1800

TERRESTRIAL CONSUMER PROTECTION / SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY MEASURE

Advertising or promoting casino games is prohibited and anyone caught doing so faces a fine. Casino operators are also banned from sponsoring sports or other events.

Online Casino Gambling is currently prohibited in Poland. Licensed online operators are only allowed to offer sports betting to Polish customers, but under proposals approved by the government in July 2016, online casino games and poker would also be permitted.

The games would be put under a state monopoly, most likely to be the incumbent national lottery operator, Totalizator Sportowy, and the changes could come into effect in early 2017.

Currently, for online sportsbetting, an age limit of 18 applies. Each player is required to have a local bank account to register with one of the licensed operators.

 

Legal Gambling Age: 18 Years Old

Smoking Ban: Yes, however, smoking-permitted rooms are allowed.

THE REGULATED MARKET

NATURE OF THE CASINO MARKET

Terrestrial: Multiple licences (49).

Online: Online casino gambling is not permitted in Poland

 

REGULATED CASINO GAMES

Terrestrial:Table games, card games, dice games and slot machine games.

Online:Online casino gambling is not permitted in Poland

 

RESPONSIBLE REGULATOR FOR TERRESTRIAL AND ONLINE CASINO GAMES

Terrestrial:Ministry of Finance

Online:Not regulated

THE ILLEGAL MARKET

Size of Illegal Gambling Market:Revenues from illegal slot machine operation have been estimated at around €40m. Source -unofficial estimates.

Terrestrial sportsbetting is legal in Poland, but online casino games are not permitted in Poland.

Illegal betting revenues from both sportsbetting and online casino games is unofficially estimated to amount to approximately €900m yearly, effectively 90 percent of the entire online market.

Market Protection Measures / Tools to Tackle Illegal Gambling:Advertising restrictions are available to combat offers of unlicenced online gambling. Payment and ISP blocking are not used.

In July 2016 the Polish government approved proposed changes to the country’s gambling regulation which would establish a monopoly on online casino games and introduce website blocking.

The draft legislation will now be notified to the European Commission before being sent to the country’s parliament for scrutiny.

The government is hoping to have the changes implemented by January 1, 2017, although the bill will be at a standstill for three months at the European Commission before it can be adopted by the parliament.

IN THE CASINO

NUMBER OF CASINO VISITS (in 000s)

2017 1150
2016 1050
2015 1000
2014 900
2013 800

REVENUES (GGR & Tips EUR Million)

2017 173 million
2016 127 million
2015 126 million
2014 122 million
2013 113 million

HIGH-LEVEL MARKET DATA

Currency : Polish zloty (PLN)

Population: 37,999,490
(Source:The World Bank)

GNI (2014, Local Currency, Millions): 1,639,220
(Source: Eurostat)

Internet Penetration (Internet Users): 66.6%
(Source: The World Bank)

Mobile Penetration (Mobile Cellular Subscriptions): 156%
(Source: The World Bank)

Doing Business Ranking (June 2015):25
(Source: World Bank Group)

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Last Updated: May 2019