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France’s gambling market now falls under a single regulator that touches each form of gambling, although the Ministry of Interior retains some oversight of the casino sector.

New regulator Autorité nationale des jeux (ANJ) has promised much more active oversight of the market than under previous regulatory regimes, including actively seeking input from industry representatives and former gambling addicts.

The regulatory overhaul was unlocked by the successful privatisation of lottery operator Français des Jeux (FDJ).

In 2020 ANJ signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the with the Central Service of Races and Games (SCCJ) of the Central Directorate of the Judicial Police (DCPJ), a directorate of the National Police.

The MOU will allow the ANJ and the SCCJ "to coordinate their control actions, particularly in the FDJ and PMU outlets and casinos sector, with the aim of better protecting players", the regulator said.

During the legislative work that created the new regulator, the French Council of Ministers said ANJ will focus on the fight against excessive gambling in its work with land-based casinos, but that other areas of oversight will continue to sit with the interior ministry.

France is home to around 200 casinos, with the majority operated by Barriere, Partouche, JOA or Tranchant.

Online casino gambling continues to be illegal in France, with little prospect of that changing in the near future.

ECA MEMBERS

ECA MEMBERS :   Casinos de France

NUMBER OF CASINOS

2019 202
2018 201
2017 200
2016 201
2015 201
2014 198
2013 198

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES

2019 14700
2018 15000
2017 14800
2016 14500
2015 14000
2014 14500
2013 15000

TERRESTRIAL CONSUMER PROTECTION / SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY MEASURE

In France the “L ‘interdiction volontaire de jeux”, or self-exclusion programme, was introduced in 2007 to prevent self-excluded players from accessing land-based casinos and gaming halls.

Under the Online Gambling Act 2010, the programme was extended to cover online games.
Once on the list, the player’s exclusion period lasts for a minimum of three years.
After this time, an applicant can explicitly contact the Ministry of the Interior in order to be removed from the list.

Various land-based casinos have implemented their own self-exclusion measures entitled “ANPR”, under which players can ban themselves from individual casinos without the consequence of a nation-wide and online ban.

Wagers on slot machines in French casinos are capped at a maximum of €50.
Operating hours for each casino are determined by the terms of the individual licence granted to each casino.

According to law, gambling television adverts must be accompanied by a warning message highlighting the risks of gambling addiction.

A message containing the phone number of an advice helpline must also be included.

 

Legal Gambling Age: 18 Years Old

Smoking Ban: YES

THE REGULATED MARKET

NATURE OF THE CASINO MARKET

Terrestrial:Multiple licences (not capped).

Online: Multiple licences but limited by product to poker (cash game or tournament).

 

REGULATED CASINO GAMES

Terrestrial:Table games, card games or roulette-based games, slot machines.

Online:Poker only.

 

RESPONSIBLE REGULATOR FOR TERRESTRIAL AND ONLINE CASINO GAMES

Terrestrial:Ministry of Finance/Ministry of the Interior

Online:ARJEL

THE ILLEGAL MARKET

Size of Illegal Gambling Market:Estimated to be worth 15 to 20 percent of the legal online market (€150m GGR approximately).

Market Protection Measures / Tools to Tackle Illegal Gambling:France does not have a blacklist of banned online gambling sites. Instead, ARJEL has been able, since 2014, to close illegal sites through their ISP under certain conditions.

ARJEL also has the ability to conduct payment blocking through a procedure in collaboration with the Budget Ministry.

IN THE CASINO

NUMBER OF CASINO VISITS (in 000s)

2019 24572
2018 32676
2017 33022
2016 32088
2015 32278
2014 31070
2013 31970

REVENUES (GGR & Tips EUR Million)

2019 1831 million
2018 2327 million
2017 2314 million
2016 2260 million
2015 2203 million
2014 2143 million
2013 2205 million

HIGH-LEVEL MARKET DATA

Currency : Euro

Population:66,808,380 
(Source:The World Bank)

GNI (2014, Local Currency, Millions): 21,22,761
(Source: Eurostat)

Internet Penetration (Internet Users):83.8%
(Source: The World Bank)

Mobile Penetration (Mobile Cellular Subscriptions): 100%
(Source: The World Bank)

Doing Business Ranking (June 2015):27
(Source: World Bank Group)

Prepared by :

Last Updated: April 2021