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There are nine land-based casinos in Belgium. Revenues are only available for seven out of the nine casinos and amount to € 94m for 2017, including tips.

In 2017, in seven of the nine Belgian casinos, gamblers paid 1.15m visits. For 2016, a total of 1.35m visits was registered for all nine Belgian casinos.

No new casinos have opened. In 2016, the latest figures available, the sector counted 809 staff.

Under Belgium’s gaming law, only businesses with land-based gaming operations have the right to extend their offerings online, a restriction which prompted European Commission to initiate infringement proceedings against the country in 2013 as part of Internal Market tsar Michel Barnier’s online gaming action plan. At the end of 2017, the European Commission formally ended infringement procedures against Member States for their online gaming legislation.

In 2016 the country passed controversial legislation that requires all online betting and casino operators to pay 21 percent VAT.

After the ban on virtual betting products in June 2016, a Royal Decree will be published in January 2018 regulating virtual betting. Virtual betting will be considered as automatic games of chance which only betting shops can offer and the minimum age to play is 21.

Belgium is home to 176 (in October 2017) gaming arcades and more than 9,000 active Licence C classified drinking establishments.

In October 2017, the Belgian Gaming Commission submitted the following changes in legislation to the European Commission:

  • draft Royal Decree on online gaming & betting
  • changes to the gaming law of 7th May 1999

The major changes are:

  • Limitation in TV advertising for online casinos, arcades and betting.
  • Limitation to what a player can load on his player account per week.
  • Limitation to bonuses offered.
  • In bars, where two gaming machines are allowed, an additional two low stake gaming machines will be allowed. 

ECA MEMBERS

ECA MEMBERS :   Casinos Belgium

NUMBER OF CASINOS

2016 9
2015 9
2014 9
2013 9

NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES

2016 809
2015 897
2014 957
2013 968

TERRESTRIAL CONSUMER PROTECTION / SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY MEASURE

A player can ask for self-exclusion through the Belgian Gaming Commission. The player is then registered in Belgium’s EPIS-database (Excluded Persons information System).

Each customer entering a casino or arcade must be checked against the EPIS-database, prior to entering.

EPIS is not just a self-exclusion system. It also includes most of the persons legally excluded such as judicial officers, bailiffs, police officers, etc. (Article 54, para 2 of the Gaming Act).

Self-exclusions and exclusions coming from gaming establishments are both made for an indefinite period

When excluded from a casino, a player can ask the Gaming Commission to be able to re-enter the casino. If the commission agrees to this, a three-month period applies before the player can return to the casino.

Since July 15, 2011, exclusions at the request of a third party have been made possible. Social workers and other interested parties can apply to the Gaming Commission to limit the access of a person believed to be a problem gambler to a casino or slot hall.

The BGC issues leaflets regarding player protection and discusses the issue of player protection with all members of staff during the session staff members have to attend in order to obtain their gaming license. The display of these the player protection leaflets is mandatory for all casinos.

Legal Gambling Age: Access to Class I casino gambling and class II machine gambling is restricted to people of 21 years of age or more while betting shops are open to those who are not minors (at least 18 years of age).<br/><br/>

Age restrictions for online games mirror those that apply to land-based games so all online games are prohibited to players under 21 years old, except for betting which is prohibited to players under 18 years old.

Smoking Ban: Yes, since July 1, 2011, a general ban in the hospitality industry has been implemented. Smoking rooms equipped with smoke extraction systems, subject to further conditions, are permitted. Slotmachines or table games are not allowed in the smoking rooms

THE REGULATED MARKET

NATURE OF THE CASINO MARKET

Terrestrial: Multiple licences (9)

Online: Multiple licences (maximum 9) – only offline casinos (with an A licence) can operate an online casino gaming site.

REGULATED CASINO GAMES

Terrestrial:Licence A (Class I) casino games include, but are not limited to, roulette, blackjack, baccarat, punto banco, chemin de fer, poker and slot machine gaming. Live poker games and poker tournaments can only be operated in casinos.

Online:Online casino games, including but not limited to roulette, blackjack, baccarat, punto banco, chemin de fer, poker and slot machine gaming are permitted under Category A+ licences. A lower-stake category of licence is available for gaming arcades (B+ licence).

The online permits lower stake forms of most A+ licensed games.

RESPONSIBLE REGULATOR FOR TERRESTRIAL AND ONLINE CASINO GAMES

Belgian Gaming Commission.

THE ILLEGAL MARKET

Market Protection Measures / Tools to Tackle Illegal Gambling:Payment blocking, website blocking and advertising restrictions for unlicensed operators are all available sanctions.

IN THE CASINO

NUMBER OF CASINO VISITS (in 000s)

2016 1346
2015 1362
2014 1350
2013 1387

REVENUES (GGR & Tips EUR Million)

2016 114 million
2015 114 million
2014 112 million
2013 114 million

HIGH-LEVEL MARKET DATA

Currency : Euro

Population: 11,285,720
(Source:The World Bank)

GNI (2014, Local Currency, Millions): 3,96,229
(Source: Eurostat)

Internet Penetration (Internet Users): 85%
(Source: The World Bank)

Mobile Penetration (Mobile Cellular Subscriptions): 114%
(Source: The World Bank)

Doing Business Ranking (June 2015):43
(Source: World Bank Group)

Prepared by :

Last Updated: August 2017